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MSS 007 State Normal School and Navy Supply Corps School collection Edit

Summary

Identifier
MSS 007

Dates

  • 1899-2010 (Creation)

Extents

  • 7.13 Linear Feet (Whole)
    Normal School: three full legal document boxes, four half legal document boxes, and one box measuring 24.5 by 20.5 by 3; Navy School: seven full legal document boxes, two half legal document boxes.

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Subjects

Notes

  • Abstract

    Photographs, student and classroom materials, clippings, administrative materials, and other documents from the Georgia State Normal School (later renamed the Georgia State Teachers College) and the Navy School Supply Corps School; in addition, documents from the Navy Supply Corps School Local Redevelopment Authority, including complete copies of proposals for reuse of the property upon the closure of the Navy School.

  • Immediate Source of Acquisition

    Varied; much of the earlier material came from the Navy Supply Corps School and had been housed at the museum there, which was located in the Carnegie library building.

  • Physical Description

    Good to fair

  • Preferred Citation

    State Normal School and Navy Supply Corps School collection, MSS 007, Heritage Room, Athens Clarke-County Library

  • Biographical / Historical

    The State Normal School was established in 1891 following decades of failed efforts in the Georgia legislature both to establish higher education for women and to expand upon the formal instruction of teachers. Only two years prior, the state had founded the Georgia Normal and Industrial College (present-day Georgia College and State University) in Milledgeville. The grounds on which the Athens Normal School was established had been occupied by a Confederate military school, called the University High School and located in a building commonly called Rock College, which as its name suggests was constructed out of rock quarried in Georgia. This school opened in 1862 and only operated for a few years, as Union soldiers took charge of the property upon the end of the war. In the years, 1866-1868, it was turned into a school for injured Confederate soldiers under the age of 30. After a short period being unused, the property became the home of the State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts (an independent institution, later to become the University of Georgia's College of Agriculture). The State Normal School opened in the summer of 1892 but permanent funding was not assured until 1894. Lawton B. Evans and Samuel D. Bradwell served as the first and second presidents, respectively, during these foundational years. Rock College was officially named Gilmer Hall, honoring George R. Gilmer (1790-1859) of Oglethorpe County, a Governor of Georgia (1829-1831; 1833-1835) who also served as a Representative in the U. S. Congress and the Georgia House; the Normal School was supported in part by the Gilmer Fund that had been established in his will.

    The Normal School instructed those who were already working as teachers as well as those without prior experience. It offered a two-year program, with the first graduation exercises taking place in 1896. In 1903, the University of Georgia began providing additional training for teachers. These summer sessions were open to men and women, providing rare opportunities for women, as the University as a whole did not admit women until 1918. The University's School of Education opened in 1908. Meanwhile, the Normal School’s enrollment grew, and in turn the state provided additional funding, allowing for the construction of Bradwell Hall, the Auditorium, and the President’s Cottage. By the time President Bradwell retired in 1901, enrollment stood at roughly 600. Besides funding from the state and the Gilmer Fund, new donations from George Foster Peabody allowed for a significant expansion of the curriculum and the construction of Muscogee Hall. Moreover, the United Daughters of the Confederacy was responsible for the construction of Winnie Davis Hall. The organization wanted to honor the daughter of Jefferson Davis by building a home for young women students. Several new buildings were added in the 1910s as well: the Carnegie Library, Pound Auditorium (named for Jere Pound, the president of the school at that time), and Miller Hall. The previous auditorium became the Old Auditorium, but was later renamed George Hall.

    The State Normal School became the Georgia State Teachers College (G. S. T. C.) in 1927. Since 1922, certain documents had referred to the institution as the State Normal College, as in that year it had begun offering a baccalaureate degree, a shift caused by higher standards for the education of teachers mandated by the state. In 1929, the school purchased the Cobb House, later known as Quarters A, a home that had been built in 1908. In 1932, upon the creation of the University System of Georgia, the University of Georgia absorbed the Georgia State Teachers College (as well as the aforementioned College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts). After the 1932-1933 school year, the College of Education ceased holding classes at the Normal School campus, moving instead to Peabody Hall. The G. S. T. C. grounds became the Coordinate College, a junior college for women. The University also house a Demonstration School on the campus.

    The U. S. Army leased the property during the nation’s involvement in the Second World War; because of decreased enrollment, the University did not need to house women students at the Coordinate College. A specialized training program was conducted during these years. After the war, though, the University again used the campus to house women students. In 1954, the United States Navy moved its Supply Corps School there from Bayonne, New Jersey, having purchased the property the previous year. In 2005, a round of Military base closures included the Supply Corps School, which relocated to Newport, Rhode Island. The Navy transferred ownership of the property to the University of Georgia on October 19, 2010. The Health Sciences Campus of the University of Georgia opened in 2012.

  • Scope and Contents

    The materials from the State Normal School date from 1899 to 1997; the later materials largely either pertain to reunions of Normal School students or were created by the Navy Supply Corps Museum. The earlier materials include yearbooks, photographs, student notebooks, financial documents (especially pertaining to the construction of Winnie Davis Memorial Hall), and writings about the Normal School. Biographical information and photographs of several presidents of the school are included. Although many of the photographs and postcards in the collection are reproductions, nonetheless several original photographs from the early Twentieth Century comprise a significant feature of this collection. Among them are a panoramic photograph of students and staff, posed in front of Normal School buildings facing Prince Avenue, ca. 1912-1913, and unique shots of varied individuals associated with the school and buildings on the campus that have since been demolished.

    Much of the material pertaining to the Navy Supply Corps School consists of Command Histories spanning the years, 1953-1976. Also included are correspondence, photographs, clippings, yearbooks, and newsletters. Finally, a large portion of the Navy Supply Corps School series comprises proposals and plans regarding reuse of the property upon the close of the school.

    The final folder of the Student Work subseries of the Normal School series contains issues of the Red and Black Jr., a student publication of the University of Georgia Department of Education's Demonstration School, which operated on the Normal School campus in the late 1930s-early 1940s. The issues are as follows: Vol. 1 No. 1 (October 6, 1939)--portions cut out; Vol. 1 No. 2 (October 13, 1939)--portions cut out; October 20, 1939 (no issue numbering)--portions cut out; Vol. 1 No. 4 (October 27, 1939); Vol. 1 No. 5 (November 3, 1939); Vol. 1 No. 6 (November 10, 1939); Volume 1 Number 7 (Nov. 17, 1939); Vol. 1 No. 8 (Nov. 22, 1939); Vol. 1 No. 9 (Dec. 1, 1939); Vol. 1 No. 10 (Dec. 8, 1939); Vol. 1 No. 11 (Dec. 15, 1939); Vol. 1 No. 12 (Dec. 22, 1939); Vol. 1 No. 13 (Jan. 12, 1940); Vol. 1 No. 17 (Feb. 23, '40); Vol. 1 No. 19 (Mar. 15, '40); Vol. 1 No. [blank--presumed to be No. 21] (Mar. 29, '40); Vol. 1 No. 22 (April 12, '40); Vol. 1 No. 25 (May 3, 1940); Vol. 1 No. 26 (May 10, '40); Vol. 1 No. 27 (May 17, 1940); Vol. 1 No. 28 (May 24, 1940); and Vol. 1 No. 29 (June, 1940)--one complete copy, water damaged, and portions of a second copy.

    In the organization of this collection, the title, State Normal School, at times applies to that organization’s later titles, both informal (State Normal College) and official (Georgia State Teachers College), as well as organizations that were housed on the same campus (University of Georgia Coordinate College and University of Georgia Demonstration School) before the Navy’s purchase of the property.

  • Arrangement

    The Georgia State Normal School records are organized in the following series: Series I: Georgia State Normal School Subseries I: Administrative Records, 1901-1991 Subseries II: Correspondence, 1929-1951 Subseries III: Newspaper Clippings, 1854-1989 Subseries IV: Photographs, 1866-1977 Subseries V: Programs, 1902-1991 Subseries VI: Student Work, 1899-1910 Subseries VII: Yearbooks, 1917-1941 Series II: Navy Supply Corps School Subseries I: Command Histories Subseries II: Correspondence, Photographs and Printed Material, 1953-2004 Subseries III: Final Reuse Plan 2007 Subseries IV: Preliminary Reuse Plan and Public Comments, 2007 Subseries V: Proposal and Processing Rules for Committee and Reuse Applications, 2005-2006 Subseries VI: Reuse Applications, 2006

  • Separated Materials

    Levana yearbooks for the years 1905, 1906, 1907, and 1908. Heritage Room Vault.

    Algo yearbook, 1914. Heritage Room Vault.

    Crystal yearbooks for the years 1916, 1919, 1923, 1927, 1928, 1930, 1931, and 1921. Heritage Room Vault.

    Sell, E. S. History of the State Normal School. Athens, Georgia. 1923. Two copies, Heritage Room Vault.

    Outlaw, Mary Elizabeth. State Normal School to Georgia State Teachers College: The Transition of an Institution. Dissertation, University of Georgia. 1990. Heritage Room stacks.

  • Related Materials

    Outlaw, Mary Elizabeth. State Normal School to Georgia State Teachers College: The Transition of an Institution. Dissertation, University of Georgia. 1990. GR 378 Clarke OUTLAW.

    Sell, E. S. History of the State Normal School. Athens, Georgia. 1923. GR 378 Clarke SELL.

  • Bibliography

    Gist, Andy. “Navy Supply Corps School.” New Georgia Encyclopedia, https://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/articles/government-politics/navy-supply-corps-school, 8 June 2017. Accessed 19 November 2019.

External Documents

  • Mamie MacRee Elliott papers, MSS 1388
    Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries
  • State Normal School papers, MSS 2204
    Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries
  • State Normal School records, UA97-107
    University of Georgia Archives, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.
  • State Normal School photographs, MSS 2467
    Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries.
  • State Normal School materials, 1920s, MSS 2876
    Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries
  • State Normal School scrapbook, MSS 3001
    Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries
  • History of the State Normal School, Athens, Georgia manuscript, MSS 370
    Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries
  • Verna Jewel Winters (State Normal School) papers, UA00-023
    University Archives, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries
  • State Normal School materials, UA10-015
    University Archives, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries
  • Eleanor Culpepper (Willingham) collection, UA02-016
    University Archives, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries
  • Katherine Dearing sewing book, MSS 1054
    Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries
  • Alford Family papers, UA0015
    University Archives, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries
  • David Lewis Earnest photographic collection, MSS 1590
    Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries
  • Mary Ethel Creswell papers, UA0014
    University Archives, Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library, The University of Georgia Libraries

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